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What Does Social Contract Agreement Mean

The social contract models our reasons for the inconsistency and compliance with certain social rules or institutions. The theory depends on the assumptions adopted and the specification of the parameters. Although contemporary theorists of the social contract still sometimes use the language of consent, the central idea of contemporary social contract theory is concordance. “Social Contract Views work from the intuitive idea of agreement” (Freeman 2007a, 17). It is now possible to approve or approve a principle without binding this act of approval. Social theorists as different as Samuel Freeman and Jan Narveson (1988, 148) see the act of agreement as an indication of the reasons we have. The agreement is a “test” or a heuristic (see point 5). The “unanimous role of the collective agreement” shows “what we need to do in our social and political relations” (Freeman 2007, 19). Thus, the agreement itself is not a binding act – it is not a performative one that creates obligations in one way or another – but it is indicative of substance (Lessnoff 1986). When individuals are rational, what they agree to reflect the reasons they have. In contemporary contractual theories such as rawls, the problem of justification is at the heart of concerns.

The rebirth of Rawls` social contract theory in A Theory of Justice therefore did not rely on consent, although the apparatus of an “initial agreement” was maintained. For Rawls (1999, 16), the goal is to “resolve the question of justification… solve a board problem. A central axiom that all negotiation theories use is, for example, an axiom of symmetry. This axiom says that bargain hunters will justify the same thing in the situation, that I will not be willing to give or take more than you in the same situation. This axiom seems reasonable, but it does not follow that the refusal of symmetry is in some way a denial of reason. In fact, Thomas Schelling (1959) was a former critic of the symmetry hypothesis in negotiation theory and more recently, John Thrasher (2014) argued that the symmetry hypothesis is incompatible with the traditional model of the social contract. However, symmetry is necessary to create a single solution to the problem of negotiation.

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